One of the earliest recorded pre-Islamic Arab civilizations was the Sabaean culture, which fourished in what is now Yemen and southwestern Saudi Arabia during the 1st millennium BC Te wealth of the kingdom of Saba (or Sheba) was based on the incense and spice trade and on agriculture. Te Himyarite era began in about 115 BC, their increasingly powerful kingdom gradually absorbing Saba and Hadhramaut (to the east) to claim control of all of the southwest Arabian peninsula by the 4th century AD. Himyarite dominance came to an end in the 6th century as Abyssinian (Ethiopian) forces invaded in AD 525 Abyssinian rule was overthrown in 575 by Persian military intervention, and Persian control then endured until the adven of Islam in 628.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Central Statistical Organization. Statistical Year Book Google Scholar
- Auchterlonie, Paul, Yemen. [Bibliography] 2nd ed. ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1998Google Scholar
- Dresch, Paul, A History of Modern Yemen. CUP, 2001Google Scholar
- Mackintosh-Smith, T., Yemen—Travels in Dictionary Land. London, 1997Google Scholar
- National Statistical Ofce: Central Statistical Organization, Ministry of Planning and Development.Google Scholar