• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Niger was occupied by France after 1883. It achieved full independence on 3 Aug. 1960. Guerrilla activity by Tuaregs of the Armed Resistance Organization (ORA) seeking local autonomy in the north continued into 1995. On 27 Jan. 1996 the army chief of staff Gen. (then Col.) Barré Maïnassara deposed President Mahamane Ousmane and dissolved parliament. In April 1999 President Maïnassara was assassinated by bodyguards at Niamey airport. A week after the President’s assassination, Daouda Mallam Wanké, leader of the presidential guard and the officer widely suspected of being behind the killing, was named as Maïnassara’s successor. In Aug. 2005 severe food shortages led to more than 2–5m. people facing starvation.


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Further Reading

  1. Miles, W. F. S., Hausaland Divided: Colonialism and Independence in Nigeria and Niger. Cornell Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  2. Zamponi, Lynda F., Niger. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1994Google Scholar
  3. National Statistical Office: Direction de la Statistique et de l’Informatique, Ministère du Plan, NiameyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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