• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Ottomans invaded Lebanon, then part of Syria, in 1516–17 and held nominal control until 1918. Afer 20 years’ French mandatory regime, Lebanon was proclaimed independent on 26 Nov. 1941. In early May 1958 the Muslim opposition to President Chamoun rose in insurrection and for fve months the Muslim quarters of Beirut, Tripoli, Sidon and the northern Bekaa were in insurgent hands. On 15 July the US Government landed army and marines who re-established Government authority. Internal problems were exacerbated by the Palestinian problem. An attempt to regulate the activities of Palestinian fghters through the secret Cairo agreement of 1969 was frustrated both by the inability of the Government to enforce its provisions and by an infux of battle-hardened fghters expelled from Jordan in Sept. 1970. From March 1975 Lebanon was beset by civil disorder by which the economy was brought to a virtual standstill.


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Further Reading

  1. Choueiri, Y. M., State and Society in Syria and Lebanon. Exeter Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  2. Fisk, R., Pity the Nation: Lebanon at War. 2nd ed. OUP, 1992Google Scholar
  3. Gemayel, A., Rebuilding Lebanon. New York, 1992Google Scholar
  4. Hiro, D., Lebanon Fire and Embers: a History of the Lebanese Civil War. New York, 1993Google Scholar
  5. National library: Dar el Kutub, Parliament Sq., Beirut.Google Scholar
  6. National Statistical Ofce: Service de Statistique Générale, Beirut.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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