• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


When the last ice sheets covered much of Asia, the sea level fell low enough for a land bridge to appear between Japan and the Asian mainland. Tis route was taken by hunter-gatherers from Asia who crossed into previously uninhabited Japan. By 10,000 BC the frst pottery was produced in Japan and there was some cultivation. Rice was introduced, probably from Korea, by about 400 BC, and the use of metals around a century later, but agriculture and fxed settlements were confned to the south for a long period. During this time waves of migrants came from mainland Asia, bringing with them skills and technologies, including the Chinese characters for writing.


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Further Reading

  1. Statistics Bureau of the Prime Minister’s Ofce (up to 2000) and Statistics Bureau of the Ministry of Public Management, Home Afairs, Posts and Telecommunications (from 2001): Statistical Year-Book (from 1949).— Statistical Abstract (from 1950).—Monthly Bulletin (from April 1950)Google Scholar
  2. Economic Planning Agency (up to 2000) and Economic and Social Research Institute (from 2001) of the Cabinet Ofce: Economic Survey (annual), Economic Statistics (monthly), Economic Indicators (monthly)Google Scholar
  3. Ministry of International Trade and Industry (up to 2000) and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (from 2001): Foreign Trade of Japan (annual)Google Scholar
  4. Allinson, G. D., Japan’s Postwar History. London, 1997Google Scholar
  5. Argy, V. and Stein, L., the Japanese Economy. London, 1996Google Scholar
  6. Bailey, P. J., Post-war Japan: 1945 to the Present. Oxford, 1996Google Scholar
  7. Beasley, W. G., the Rise of Modern Japan: Political, Economic and Social Change Since 1850. 2nd ed. London, 1995Google Scholar
  8. Buruma, Ian, Inventing Japan: 1853–1964. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London, 2003Google Scholar
  9. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Japan. CUP, 1993Google Scholar
  10. Cambridge History of Japan. vols. 1–5. CUP, 1990–93Google Scholar
  11. Campbell, A. (ed.) Japan: an Illustrated Encyclopedia. Tokyo, 1994Google Scholar
  12. Clesse, A., et al. (eds.) the Vitality of Japan: Sources of National Strength and Weakness. London, 1997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Henshall, K. G., A History of Japan, From Stone Age to Superpower. Palgrave, Basingstoke, 2001Google Scholar
  14. Japan: an Illustrated Encyclopedia. London, 1993Google Scholar
  15. Johnson, C., Japan: Who Governs? the Rise of the Developmental State. New York, 1995Google Scholar
  16. McCargo, Duncan, Contemporary Japan. 2nd ed. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2004Google Scholar
  17. McClain, James, Japan: A Modern History. W. W. Norton, New York, 2001Google Scholar
  18. Nakano, M., the Policy-making Process in Contemporary Japan. London, 1996Google Scholar
  19. Okabe, M. (ed.) the Structure of the Japanese Economy: Changes on the Domestic and International Fronts. London, 1994Google Scholar
  20. Perren, R., Japanese Studies From Pre-History to 1990. Manchester Univ. Press, 1992Google Scholar
  21. Schirokauer, C., Brief History of Japanese Civilization. New York, 1993Google Scholar
  22. Woronof, J., the Japanese Economic Crisis. 2nd ed. London, 1996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. National Statistical Ofce: Statistics Bureau, Prime Minister’s Ofce, Tokyo.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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