• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


In the 16th century, Spain imported large numbers of African slaves whose descendants now populate the country. The colony subsequently fell under French rule. In 1791 a slave uprising led to the 13-year-long Haitian Revolution. In 1801 Toussaint Louverture, one of the leaders of the revolution, succeeded in eradicating slavery. He proclaimed himself governor-general for life over the whole island. He was captured and sent to France, but Jean-Jacques Dessalines, one of his generals, led the final battle that defeated Napoleon’s forces. The newly-named Haiti declared its independence on 1 Jan. 1804, becoming the first independent black republic in the world. Ruled by a succession of self-appointed monarchs, Haiti became a republic in the mid-19th century. From 1915 to 1934 Haiti was under United States occupation.


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Further Reading

  1. Chambers, F., Haiti. [Bibliography] 2nd ed. ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1994Google Scholar
  2. Heinl, Robert & Nancy, revised by Michael Heinl, Written in Blood. Univ. Press of America, 1996Google Scholar
  3. Nicholls, D., From Dessalines to Duvalier: Race, Colour and National Independence in Haiti. 2nd ed. CUP, 1992.Google Scholar
  4. Thomson, I., Bonjour Blanc: a Journey through Haiti. London, 1992Google Scholar
  5. Weinstein, B. and Segal, A., Haiti: the Failure of Politics. New York, 1992Google Scholar
  6. National library: Bibliothèque Nationale, Rue du Centre, Port-au-Prince.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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