• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Finland’s first inhabitants moved northwards at the end of the Ice Age. Further waves of settlement came in 4000 BC and 1000 BC and although the population was spread out, distinct social groups began to develop. During the Viking era Finland’s location on the trade route between Russia and Sweden brought prosperity and conflict in equal measure, with attacks frequently made on Finnish trading posts by the Swedes and the Danes.


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Further Reading

  1. Statistics Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland (from 1879).—Bulletin of Statistics (quarterly, from 1971).Google Scholar
  2. Constitution Act and Parliament Act of Finland. Helsinki, 1984Google Scholar
  3. Suomen valtiokalenteriFinlands statskalender (State Calendar of Finland). Helsinki. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  4. Facts About Finland. Helsinki. Annual (Union Bank of Finland) Finland in Figures. Helsinki, AnnualGoogle Scholar
  5. Kirby, D. G., Finland in the Twentieth Century. 2nd ed. London, 1984Google Scholar
  6. Klinge, M., A Brief History of Finland. Helsinki, 1987Google Scholar
  7. Petersson, O., The Government and Politics of the Nordic Countries. Stockholm, 1994Google Scholar
  8. Singleton, F., The Economy of Finland in the Twentieth Century. Univ. of Bradford Press, 1987.—A Short History of Finland. 2nd edition. CUP, 1998Google Scholar
  9. Tillotson, H. M., Finland at Peace and War, 1918–1993. London, 1993Google Scholar
  10. Turner, Barry, (ed.) Scandinavia Profiled. Macmillan, London, 2000Google Scholar
  11. National Statistical Office: Statistics Finland, FIN-00022.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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