• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


There is evidence of human habitation in Brazil dating back to 9000 BC. Before the Portuguese discovery and occupation of Brazil there was a large indigenous population. Tis population was fragmented into a number of smaller tribes, the largest of which was the Tupi-Guarani, who survived the sub-tropical environment by clearing just enough land for their crops.


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Further Reading

  1. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. Anuário Estatístico do Brasil.—Censo Demográfco de 1991.—Indicadores IBGE. MonthlyGoogle Scholar
  2. Boletim do Banco Central do Brasil. Banco Central do Brasil. Brasília. MonthlyGoogle Scholar
  3. Baer, W., The Brazilian Economy: Growth and Development. 4th ed. New York, 1995Google Scholar
  4. Eakin, Marshall C., Brazil: The Once and Future Country. New York, 1997Google Scholar
  5. Fausto, Boris, A Concise History of Brazil. CUP, 1999Google Scholar
  6. Guirmaraes, R. P., Politics and Environment in Brazil: Ecopolitics of Development in the Third World. New York, 1991Google Scholar
  7. Stepan, A. (ed.) Democratizing Brazil: Problems of Transition and Consolidation. OUP, 1993Google Scholar
  8. Turner, Barry, (ed.) Latin America Profiled. Macmillan, London, 2000Google Scholar
  9. For other more specialized titles see under CONSTITUTION AND GOVERNMENT above.Google Scholar
  10. National library: Biblioteca Nacional, Avenida Rio Branco 21939, Rio de Janeiro, RJ.Google Scholar
  11. National Statistical Office: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), Rua General Canabarro 666, 20.271–201 Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro, RJ.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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