Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda were populated by Arawak-speaking people from at least 1000 BC. By 1493, when Colombus passed Antigua, it was occupied by Carib Indians. English settlers arrived in 1632, initially cultivating tobacco for export. Sugar plantations, using African slave labour, appeared during the 1650s. Te slave population of Antigua reached a height of about 37,000 in 1774. As British colonies, Antigua and Barbuda formed part of the Leeward Islands Federation from 1871 until 30 June 1956, when they became a separate Crown Colony. Tis was part of the West Indies Federation from 3 Jan. 1958 until 31 May 1962 and became an Associated State of the UK on 27 Feb. 1967. Antigua and Barbuda gained independence on 1 Nov. 1981.
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