Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The ancient empire of Ethiopia has its legendary origin in the meeting of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. The empire developed at Askum in the north in the centuries before and after the birth of Christ as a result of Semitic immigration from South Arabia. Ethiopia’s subsequent history is one of sporadic expansion southwards and eastwards, checked from the 16th to early 19th centuries by devastating wars with Muslims and Gallas. Modern Ethiopia dates from the reign of the Emperor Theodore (1855–68). Menelik II (1889–1913) defeated the Italians in 1896 and thereby safeguarded the empire’s independence in the scramble for Africa.


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Further Reading

  1. Alemneh Dejene. Environment, Famine and Politics in Ethiopia: a View from the Village. Boulder (Colo.), 1991Google Scholar
  2. Araia, G., Ethiopia: the Political Economy of Transition. Univ. Press of America, 1995Google Scholar
  3. Crummey, Donald, Land and Society in the Christian Kingdom of Ethiopia: From the Thirteenth to the Twentieth Century. Univ. of Illinois Press and James Currey, Oxford, 2000Google Scholar
  4. Henze, Paul B., Layers of Time: A History of Ethiopia. Hurst, London, 2000CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Marcus, H. G., A History of Ethiopia. California Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  6. Mekonnen, T. (ed.) The Ethiopian Economy: Structure, Problems and Policy Issues. Addis Ababa, 1992Google Scholar
  7. Munro-Hay, Stuart and Pankhurst, Richard, Ethiopia. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1995Google Scholar
  8. Negash, Tekeste and Tronvoll, Kjetil, Brothers at War: Making Sense of the Eritrean–Ethiopian War. Ohio Univ. Press and James Currey, Oxford, 2001Google Scholar
  9. Pankhurst, Richard, The Ethiopians. Oxford, 1999Google Scholar
  10. Tiruneh, A., The Ethiopian Revolution: a Transformation from an Aristocratic to a Totalitarian Autocracy. CUP, 1993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. National statistical office: Central Statistical Office, Addis Ababa.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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