Cape Verde

República de Cabo Verde
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


During centuries of Portuguese rule the islands were gradually peopled with Portuguese, slaves from Africa, and people of mixed African-European descent who became the majority. While retaining some African culture, the Cape Verdians spoke Portuguese or the Portuguese-derived Crioulo (Creole) language and became Catholics. In 1956 nationalists from Cape Verde and Portuguese Guinea formed the Partido Africano da Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde (PAIGC). In the 1960s the PAIGC waged a successful guerrilla war. On 5 July 1975 Cape Verde became independent, ruled by the PAIGC, which was already the ruling party in the former Portuguese colony of Guinea-Bissau. But resentment at Cape Verdians’ privileged position in Guinea-Bissau led to the end of the ties between the two countries’ ruling parties. Although the PAIGC retained its name in Guinea-Bissau, in Jan. 1981 it was renamed the Partido Africano da Independência do Cabo Verde (PAICV) in Cape Verde. The Constitution of 1981 made the PAICV the sole legal party but in Sept. 1990 the National Assembly abolished its monopoly and free elections were permitted.


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Further Reading

  1. Lobban, R., Cape Verde: Crioulo Colony to Independent Nation. Westview Press, Boulder (CO), 1998Google Scholar
  2. Meintel, D., Race, Culture, and Portuguese Colonialism in Cabo Verde. Syracuse Univ. Press, 1984Google Scholar
  3. Shaw, Caroline E., Cape Verde Islands. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1991Google Scholar
  4. National statistical office: Instituto Nacional de Estatística, Praia. Website (Portuguese only):

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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