Preah Reach Ana Pak Kampuchea (Kingdom of Cambodia)
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Cambodia was made a French protectorate in 1863. A nationalist movement began in the 1930s, and anti-French feeling strengthened in 1940–41 when the French submitted to Japanese demands for bases in Cambodia. Anti-French guerrillas, active from 1945, gave the impetus to a communist-led revolution. A fragile peace was established before Cambodia gained independence in 1953 but in 1967 the Khmer Rouge took up arms to support peasants against a rice tax. Their aim was to establish a communist rice-growing dynasty, a combination of Maoism and ancient xenophobic nationalism. From 1970 hostilities extended throughout most of the country involving US and North Vietnamese forces. During 1973 direct US and North Vietnamese participation came to an end, leaving a civil war which continued with large-scale fighting between the Khmer Republic, supported by US arms, and the United National Cambodian Front including ‘Khmer Rouge’ communists, supported by North Vietnam and China. After unsuccessful attempts to capture Phnom Penh in 1973 and 1974, the Khmer Rouge defeated the American backed leader Lon Nol in April 1975, when the remnants of the republican forces surrendered the city.


Prime Minister Khmer Rouge Nationalist Movement Annual Population Growth Rate Mobile Phone Subscriber 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. Chandler, D. P., A History of Cambodia. 2nd ed. Boulder (CO), 1996Google Scholar
  2. Jarvis, Helen, Cambodia. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1997Google Scholar
  3. Martin, M. A., Cambodia: A Shattered Society. California Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  4. Peschoux, C., Le Cambodge dans la Tourmente: le Troisième Conflit Indochinois, 1978–1991. Paris, 1992.Google Scholar
  5. —@@Peschoux, C.Les ‘Nouveaux’ Khmers Rouges. Paris, 1992Google Scholar
  6. Short, Philip, Pol Pot: The History of a Nightmare. John Murray, London, 2004Google Scholar
  7. National statistical office: National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, 386 Monivong Boulevard, Phnom Penh.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations