Egyptian influences were felt in Nubia (north-eastern Sudan) from around 3,000 BC. When Egypt’s power waned in the 11th century BC, Kush (based at Nepata, modern Marawi) became a powerful kingdom on trade routes linking the Nile to the Red Sea. Under King Piantkhi in 750 BC, the whole of Egypt was brought under Kushite control. However, the invasion of Egypt by Assyrian forces in 671 BC forced a retreat to Nepata. By AD 200 Kush was in decline and was finally overthrown in 350 by the king of Aksum (Ethiopia).
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