Rossiiskaya Federatsiya
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Avar, Goth, Hun and Magyar invasions punctuated the development of the East Slavs from the 4th century AD, while trade with Germanic, Scandinavian and Middle Eastern regions began in the 8th century. In 882 the Varangian prince Oleg of Novgorod took Kyiv and made it the capital of Kievan Rus, the first unified state of the East Slavs, uniting Finnish and Slavic tribes. In the 13th century the area was invaded from the west by Teutonic Knights, Lithuanians and Swedes, and from the south by Mongol and Tartar tribes. In 1223 Genghis Khan’s grandson, Batu Khan, conquered Kievan Rus and established the Golden Horde. The Mongols and Tatars made Itil (near modern Astrakhan) the capital. Their dominance lasted until the 15th century when internal struggles finally forced the break up of the empire.


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Further Reading

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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2004

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  • Barry Turner

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