Dawlat Qatar (State of Qatar)
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Qatar embraced Islam in the 7th century AD, and since then it has been noted regularly in the accounts of Arab historians and writers. Like all countries in the area, it came under Turkish rule for several centuries. Ottoman power was nominal, with real power being in the hands of local sheikhs and tribal leaders. In 1915 the Turks withdrew, and on 3 Nov. 1916 Qatar signed a protection treaty with Britain. The dominant economic activity had traditionally been pearl diving, but around 1930 the pearl market collapsed. In 1939 oil was discovered. Although the Second World War delayed progress, exporting began in 1949. This was to change Qatar dramatically. Qatar declared its independence from Britain on 3 Sept. 1971, ending the Treaty of 1916 which was replaced by a treaty of friendship between the two countries.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. Central Statistical Organization. Annual Statistical Abstract. Google Scholar
  2. El-Nawawy, Mohammed and Iskandar, Adel, Al-Jazeera: How the Free Arab News Network Scooped the World and Changed the Middle East. Westview Press, Boulder (CO), 2002Google Scholar
  3. Unwin, P. T. H., Qatar. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1982Google Scholar
  4. National statistical office: Central Statistical Organization, Presidency of the Council of Ministers, Doha.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations