República Portuguesa
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Western Iberia was inhabited from 8000 BC by Neolithic peoples known as Iberians; Celtic tribes arrived in the north and west in the first millennium BC. Phoenicians colonized the southwest around Cadiz from around 800 BC. After the expulsion of Carthage from Spain in 206 BC, Roman power extended throughout the peninsula. The Lusitani, possibly a Celtic federation, were defeated in 139 BC. From AD 409, with the Roman Empire in decline, the Iberian Peninsula was invaded by Germanic tribes from central Europe, including the Suevi and Visigoths, who established Christian kingdoms. Following the arrival of Muslim armies in Iberia in 711, the southern part of what is now Portugal became part of the Muslim dominion of al-Andalus. The northern and western fringes of Iberia remained largely agrarian, poor and Christian.


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Further Reading

  1. Instituto Nacional de Estatística. Anuário Estatístico de Portugal/Statistics Year-Book.— Estatísticas do Comércio Externo. 2 vols. Annual from 1967Google Scholar
  2. Birmingham, David, A Concise History of Portugal. CUP, 1993Google Scholar
  3. Corkill, D., The Portuguese Economy since 1974. Edinburgh Univ. Press, 1993Google Scholar
  4. Laidlar, John, Lisbon. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1997Google Scholar
  5. Maxwell, K., The Making of Portuguese Democracy. CUP, 1995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Page, Martin, The First Global Village: How Portugal Changed the World. Editorial Notícias, Lisbon, 2002Google Scholar
  7. Saraiva, J. H., Portugal: A Companion History. Manchester, 1997Google Scholar
  8. Wheeler, D. L., Historical Dictionary of Portugal. Metuchen (NJ), 1994Google Scholar
  9. National library: Biblioteca Nacional de Lisboa, Campo Grande, Lisbon.Google Scholar
  10. National statistical office: Instituto Nacional de Estatística (INE), Avenida António José de Almeida, 1000 Lisbon.Google Scholar
  11. Website: http://www.ine.ptGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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