The Netherlands

  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


In the 3rd century AD Germanic tribes, such as the Franks, began to enter Roman territory. With the collapse of Roman government in Gaul and on the Rhine in the 5th century, the Franks extended their power from Austrasia (the central Rhine region). The spread of Christianity in the 7th century assisted Frankish expansion into the northern Low Countries. In the Middle Ages powerful landowners established the large counties (Flanders, Hainault, Namur and Holland) and duchies (Brabant, Limburg and Guelders). Most were under the authority of the German king but with a degree of independence that was to become a defining characteristic of Dutch politics. Dykes were built from Friesland to Flanders to drain the bogs and marshes for pasturage and agrarian use.

Koninkrijk der Nederlanden (Kingdom of the Netherlands)


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Further Reading

  1. Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek. Statistical Yearbook of the Netherlands. From 1923/24.— Statistisch Jaarboet From 1899/1924.—CBS Select (Statistical Essays). From 1980.— Statistisch Bulletin. From 1945; weekly.—Maandschrift. From 1944; monthly bulletin.—90 Jaren Statistiek in Tijdreeksen (historical series of the Netherlands 1899–1989)Google Scholar
  2. Nationale Rekeningen (National Accounts). From 1948–50.—Statistische onderzoekingen. From 1977.—Regionaal Statistisch Zakboek (Regional Pocket Yearbook). From 1972Google Scholar
  3. Staatsalmanak voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden. Annual. The Hague, from 1814Google Scholar
  4. Staatsblad van het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden. The Hague, from 1814Google Scholar
  5. Staatscourant (State Gazette). The Hague, from 1813Google Scholar
  6. Anderweg, R. B. and Irwin, G. A., Dutch Government and Politics. London, 1993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cox, R. H., The Development of the Dutch Welfare State: from Workers’ Insurance to Universal Entitlement. Pittsburgh Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  8. Gladdish, K., Governing from the Centre: Politics and Policy-Making in the Netherlands. London, 1991Google Scholar
  9. King, P. K. and Wintle, M., The Netherlands. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1988Google Scholar
  10. van Os, Andre, Amsterdam. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 199Google Scholar
  11. National library: De Koninklijke Bibliotheek, Prinz Willem Alexanderhof 5, The Hague.Google Scholar
  12. National statistical office: Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek, Netherlands Central Bureau of Statistics, POB 959, 2270 AZ Voorburg.Google Scholar
  13. Statistics Netherlands Website:
  14. Schoenhals, K., Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1993Google Scholar
  15. Central Bureau of Statistics Website:
  16. Central Bureau of Statistics. Statistical Yearbook of the Netherlands Antilles Google Scholar
  17. Bank of the Netherlands Antilles. Annual Report.Google Scholar
  18. Schoenhals, K., Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1993Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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