• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


At the time of Tatar-Mongol domination of Russia, Lithuania annexed Russian lands until by the middle of the 15th century Belorussia, along with those parts of Russia and Ukraine as far as the Black Sea, were under its rule. Lithuania united with Poland dynastically in 1385 and politically in 1569. During the partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth by Russia, Prussia and Austria in the 18th century, Lithuania yielded its Russian territories and was absorbed into the Russian empire in 1795. Following the German occupation during the First World War and the Russian revolution on 16 Feb. 1918, heavy fighting occurred between the Soviet, German, Polish and Lithuanian forces. In April 1919 the Soviets withdrew and the re-formed Lithuanian government established a democratic republic. Lithuanian independence was recognized by the Treaty of Versailles. In Dec. 1926 the democratic regime was overthrown by a coup. The secret protocol of the Soviet-German frontier treaty of 23 Sept. 1939 assigned the greater part of Lithuania to the Soviet sphere of influence. Lithuania became a Soviet Socialist Republic of the USSR on 3 Aug. 1940.


Credit Union Liberal Democratic Party Curonian Spit Soviet Socialist Republic County Court 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
Lietuvos Respublika


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Further Reading

  1. Department of Statistics to the Government. Statistical Yearbook of Lithuania – Economic and Social Development in Lithuania. Monthly.Google Scholar
  2. Hood, N., et al. (eds.) Transition in the Baltic States. 1997Google Scholar
  3. Lieven, A., The Baltic Revolution: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and the Path to Independence. 2nd ed. Yale Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  4. Misiunas, R. J. and Taagepera, R., The Baltic States: the Years of Dependence, 1940–91. 2nd ed. Farnborough, 1993Google Scholar
  5. Smith, I. A. and Grunts, M. V., The Baltic States. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1993Google Scholar
  6. Vardys, V. S. and Sedaitis, J. B., Lithuania: the Rebel Nation. Boulder (CO), 1997Google Scholar
  7. National statistical office: Department of Statistics to the Government, Gedimino Pr. 29, LT 2600 Vilnius. Director General: Algirdas Gediminas Semeta.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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