Medinat Israel (State of Israel)
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The area once designated as Palestine, of which Israel forms part, was formerly part of the Ottoman Empire. During the First World War the Arabs under Ottoman rule rebelled and Palestine was occupied by British forces. In 1917 the British Government issued the Balfour Declaration, stating that it viewed ‘with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people’. In 1922 the League of Nations recognized ‘the historical connection of the Jewish people with Palestine’ and ‘the grounds for reconstituting their national home in that country’, and Britain assumed a mandate over Palestine, pending the establishment there of such a national home. In Nov. 1947 the UN General Assembly passed a resolution calling for the establishment of a Jewish and an Arab state in Palestine. On 14 May 1948 the British Government terminated its mandate and the Jewish leaders proclaimed the State of Israel. No independent Arab state was established in Palestine. Instead the neighbouring Arab states invaded Israel on 15 May 1948. The Jewish state defended itself successfully, and the ceasefire in Jan. 1949 left Israel with one-third more land than had been originally assigned by the UN.


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Further Reading

  1. Central Bureau of Statistics. Statistical Abstract of Israel. (Annual)—Statistical Bulletin of Israel. (Monthly)Google Scholar
  2. Beitlin, Y., Israel: a Concise History. London, 1992Google Scholar
  3. Bleaney, C. H., Israel. [Bibliography] 2nd ed. ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1994Google Scholar
  4. Freedman, R. (ed.) Israel Under Rabin. Boulder (CO), 1995Google Scholar
  5. Garfinkle, A., Politics and Society in Modern Israel: Myths and Realities. Armonk (NY), 1997Google Scholar
  6. Gilbert, Martin, Israel: A History. New York, 1998Google Scholar
  7. Sachar, H. M., A History of Israel. 2 vols. OUP, 1976–87Google Scholar
  8. Schlör, Joachim, Tel Aviv: From Dream to City. Reaktion, London, 1999Google Scholar
  9. Segev, T., 1949: The First Israelis. New York, 1986Google Scholar
  10. Thomas, Baylis, How Israel Was Won: A Concise History of the Arab–Israeli Conflict (1900–1999). Lexington Books, Pennsylvania, 2000Google Scholar
  11. Wasserstein, Bernard, Israel and Palestine: Why They Fight and Can They Stop? Profile Books, London, 2003Google Scholar
  12. Other more specialized titles are entered under PALESTINIAN-ADMINISTERED TERRITORIES.Google Scholar
  13. National statistical office: Central Bureau of Statistics, Prime Minister’s Office, POB 13015, Jerusalem 91130.Google Scholar
  14. National library: The Jewish National and University Library, JerusalemGoogle Scholar
  15. Kimmerling, B. and Migdal J. S., Palestinians: the Making of a People. Harvard Univ. Press, 1994.—The Palestinian People: A History. Harvard Univ. Press, 2003Google Scholar
  16. Robinson, G. E., Building a Palestinian State: the Incomplete Revolution. Indiana Univ. Press, 1997Google Scholar
  17. Rubin, B., Revolution until Victory? The Politics and History of the PLO. Harvard Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  18. Segev, T., One Palestine, Complete. Metropolitan Books, New York, 2000Google Scholar
  19. Stendel, O., The Arabs in Israel. Brighton, 1996Google Scholar
  20. Tessler, M., A History of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. Indiana Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  21. Wasserstein, Bernard, Israel and Palestine: Why They Fight and Can They Stop? Profile Books, London, 2003Google Scholar
  22. Statistical office: Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. Website:

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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