• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Around 7500 BC Mesolithic hunter-gatherers travelled across the land bridge that connected southwest Scotland with northern Ireland. From the sixth century BC, the island was invaded by Celtic tribes, including the Gaels, who established pastoral communities within massive stone forts. The Gaels also created settlements in Scotland (Dal Riata) and west Wales. Christian missionaries reached Ireland in the third century AD. St Patrick, born in Britain, lived and preached in Ireland from c. 432 until his death c. 465. Christianity found a haven in Ireland in contrast to much of northern Europe, ravaged by fragmentary forces following the collapse of the Roman Empire. Later, Irish missionaries took Celtic Christianity to Britain and continental Europe. By the fifth century AD there were five leading Gaelic kingdoms: Ulster, Leinster, Munster, Connacht and Meath. Vikings first appeared on the Irish coast in the late seventh century. A full-scale Viking invasion in 795 heralded more than two hundred years of Scandinavian influence. Dublin became a key outpost in the Viking diaspora.


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Further Reading

  1. Central Statistics Office. National Income and Expenditure (annual), Statistical Abstract (annual), Census of Population Reports (quinquennial), Census of Industrial Production Reports (annual), Trade and Shipping Statistics (annual and monthly), Trend of Employment and Unemployment, Reports on Vital Statistics (annual and quarterly), Statistical Bulletin (quarterly), Labour Force Surveys (annual), Trade Statistics (monthly), Economic Series (monthly).Google Scholar
  2. Ardagh, J., Ireland and the Irish: a Portrait of a Changing Society. London, 1994Google Scholar
  3. Chubb, B., Government and Politics in Ireland. 3rd ed. London, 1992Google Scholar
  4. Collins, N. (ed.) Political Issues in Ireland Today. Manchester Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  5. Cronin, Mike, A History of Ireland. Palgrave, Basingstoke, 2001Google Scholar
  6. Delanty, G. and O’Mahony, P., Rethinking Irish History: Nationalism, Identity and Ideology. London, 1997Google Scholar
  7. Foster, R. F., The Oxford Illustrated History of Ireland. OUP, 1991Google Scholar
  8. Garvin, T., 1922 The Birth of Irish Democracy. Dublin, 1997Google Scholar
  9. Harkness, D., Ireland in the Twentieth Century: a Divided Island. London, 1995Google Scholar
  10. Hussey, G., Ireland Today: Anatomy of a Changing State. Dublin, 1993Google Scholar
  11. Institute of Public Administration, Ireland: a Directory. Dublin, annualGoogle Scholar
  12. Kostick, C., Revolution in Ireland – Popular Militancy 1917–1923. London, 1997Google Scholar
  13. Munck, R., The Irish Economy: Results and Prospects. London, 1993Google Scholar
  14. O’Beirne Ranelagh, J., A Short History of Ireland. 2nd ed. CUP, 1999Google Scholar
  15. O’Hagan, J. W. (ed.) The Economy of Ireland: Policy and Performance of a Small European Country. London, 1995Google Scholar
  16. Vaughan, W. E. (ed.) A New History of Ireland, 6 vols. Oxford, 1996Google Scholar
  17. Wiles, J. L. and Finnegan, R. B., Aspirations and Realities: a Documentary History of Economic Development Policy in Ireland since 1922. London, 1992.Google Scholar
  18. National statistical office: Central Statistics Office, Skehard Road, Cork. Director-General: Donal Garvey, M.Sc., M.Sc. (Mgt).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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