Congo, Democratic Republic of the (Formerly Zaïre)

République Démocratique du Congo
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Bantu tribes migrated to the Congo basin from the northwest in the first millennium AD, forming several kingdoms and many smaller forest communities. Kongo emerged as a kingdom on the Atlantic coast in the 14th century. King Nzinga Mbemba entered into diplomatic relations with Portugal after 1492. Christian missionaries, who baptized the king Affonso, caused divisions in Kongo society; the Portuguese were expelled in 1526, only to be welcomed back after attacks by the Jagas in the late 16th century.


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Further Reading

  1. Hochschild, Ada., King Leopold’s Ghost: A Study of Greed, Terror and Heroism in Colonial Africa Macmillan, London, 1999Google Scholar
  2. Leslie, W. J., Zaïre: Continuity and Political Change in an Oppressive State. Boulder (CO). 1993Google Scholar
  3. Williams, D. B., et al., Zaïre [Bibliography] 2nd ed. ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1995Google Scholar
  4. Wrong, Michael., In the Footsteps of Mr Kurtz: Living on the Brink of Disaster in the Congo Fourth Estate, London, 2000Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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