Organization of American States (OAS)

  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Origin. On 14 April 1890 representatives of the American republics, meeting in Washington at the First International Conference of American States, established an International Union of American Republics and, as its central office, a Commercial Bureau of American Republics, which later became the Pan-American Union. This international organization’s object was to foster mutual understanding and cooperation among the nations of the western hemisphere. This led to the adoption on 30 April 1948 by the Ninth International Conference of American States, at Bogotá, Colombia, of the Charter of the Organization of American States. This coordinated the work of all the former independent official entities in the inter-American system and defined their mutual relationships. The Charter of 1948 was subsequently amended by the Protocol of Buenos Aires (1967) and the Protocol of Cartagena de Indias (1985).


Member State Dominican Republic Representative Democracy American Republic Rotatory Chair 
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Further Reading

  1. Sheinin, D., The Organization of American States [Bibliography]. Oxford and Metuchen (NJ), 1995Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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