South Africa

Republic of South Africa
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Dutch first established a trading post at the Cape in 1652. The hinterland was then inhabited by the Khoisan peoples and, further east and north, by Bantu-speaking peoples. There was some white settlement over the next century. During the Napoleonic Wars, Britain took possession of the Cape and later many Boer (Dutch) settlers migrated northeast in the Great Trek. In the mid-19th century Britain ruled the Cape Colony and Natal along the coast of southern Africa, while in the interior the Afrikaners or Boers, descendants of Dutch settlers, established their own independent republics in the Transvaal and the Orange Free State. Some Bantu African peoples remained unconquered, notably the Xhosas east of the Cape Colony and, north of Natal, the Zulus. Meanwhile, British settlers emigrated to Cape Colony and Natal in the 19th century, and from the 1860s many Indians were brought to Natal as indentured labourers on the sugar plantations. The population of the Cape Colony included many Afrikaners as well as the ‘Coloured’ community, descendants of Dutch settlers and indigenous Khoisan women and of Malay slaves. Most coloureds spoke Afrikaans, the offshoot of Dutch spoken by the Boers.


Democratic Party Road Accident Home Language Provincial Capital African National Congress 
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Further Reading

  1. Government Communication and Information System (GCIS), including extracts from the South Africa Yearbook 2000/01, compiled and published by GCIS.Google Scholar
  2. Beinart, W., Twentieth Century South Africa. OUP, 1994Google Scholar
  3. Brewer, J. (ed.) Restructuring South Africa. London, 1994Google Scholar
  4. Davenport, T. R. H., South Africa: a Modern History. 5th ed. Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2000CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Davis, G. V., South Africa. [Bibliography] 2nd ed. ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA). 1994Google Scholar
  6. De Klerk, F. W., The Last Trek—A New Beginning. Macmillan, London, 1999Google Scholar
  7. Fine, B. and Rustomjee Z., The Political Economy of South Africa, 1997Google Scholar
  8. Hough, M. and Du Plessis, A. (eds.) Selected Documents and Commentaries on Negotiations and Constitutional Development in the RSA, 1989–1994. Pretoria Univ., 1994Google Scholar
  9. Johnson, R. W. and Schlemmer, L. (eds.) Launching Democracy in South Africa: the First Open Election, 1994. Yale Univ. Press, 1996Google Scholar
  10. Mandela, N., Long Walk to Freedom: the Autobiography of Nelson Mandela. Abacus, London. 1994Google Scholar
  11. Meredith, M., South Africa’s New Era: the 1994 Election. London, 1994Google Scholar
  12. Mostert, N., Frontiers: the Epic of South Africa’s Creation and the Tragedy of the Xhosa People. London, 1992Google Scholar
  13. Nattrass, N. and Ardington, E. (eds.) The Political Economy of South Africa. Cape Town and OUP, 1990Google Scholar
  14. Thompson, L., A History of South Africa. 2nd ed. Yale Univ. Press, 1996Google Scholar
  15. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa Report, 5 vols. Macmillan, London. 1999Google Scholar
  16. Turner, Barry, (ed.) Southern Africa Profiled. Macmillan, London, 2000Google Scholar
  17. Waldmeir, P., Anatomy of a Miracle: the End of Apartheid and the Birth of the New South Africa. London, 1997Google Scholar
  18. Who’s Who in South African Politics. 5th ed. London, 1995Google Scholar
  19. National statistical office: Statistics South Africa, Private Bag X44, Pretoria 0001.Google Scholar
  20. Free State: The Winning Province. Chris van Rensburg Publications, Johannesburg, 1997Google Scholar
  21. South African Yearbook 1998. Government Communication and Information System, ABC. Cape Town, 1997Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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