The Netherlands

  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


As the German Count of Nassau, William of Orange (1533–84) inherited vast possessions in the Netherlands and the Princedom of Orange in France. The struggle for independence from Spain began in 1568 and by the Union of Utrecht the more easily defensible seven provinces of the North—Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Overijssel, Groningen, Drenthe and Friesland—declared themselves independent. At the end of the Thirty Years War, by the Treaty of Westphalia (1648), Spain recognized the Republic of the United Netherlands. In 1689 Willem III acceded to the throne of England, becoming joint sovereign with his wife Mary. Willem III died in 1702 without issue, and there was no stadhouder until a member of the Frisian branch of Orange-Nassau was nominated hereditary stadhouder in 1747. However, his successor, Willem V, had to take refuge in England in 1795 when the French invaded. The country was freed from French domination in Nov. 1813. The Congress of Vienna (1815) joined the Belgian provinces, called the ‘Spanish’ or the ‘Austrian Netherlands’ before the French Revolution, to the Northern Netherlands. The union was dissolved by the Belgian revolution of 1830 and in 1839 Belgium and the Netherlands were recognized as two independent kingdoms.


Foreign Exchange Reserve Film Festival Deputy Prime Minister Mobile Phone Subscriber Chief Town 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
Koninkrijk der Nederlanden (Kingdom of the Netherlands)


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek. Statistical Yearbook of the Netherlands. From 1923/24.— Statistisch Jaarboet From 1899/1924.—CBS Select (Statistical Essays). From 1980.—Statistisch Bulletin. From 1945; weekly.—Maandschrift. From 1944; monthly bulletin.—90 Jaren Statistiek in Tïjdreeksen (historical series of the Netherlands 1899–1989)Google Scholar
  2. Nationale Rekeningen (National Accounts). From 1948–50.—Statistische onderzoekingen. From 1977.—Regionaal Statistisch Zakboek (Regional Pocket Yearbook). From 1972Google Scholar
  3. Staatsalmanak voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden. Annual. The Hague, from 1814Google Scholar
  4. Staatsblad van het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden. The Hague, from 1814Google Scholar
  5. Staatscourant (State Gazette). The Hague, from 1813Google Scholar
  6. Anderweg, R. B. and Irwin, G. A., Dutch Government and Politics. London, 1993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cox, R. H., The Development of the Dutch Welfare State: from Workers’ Insurance to Universal Entitlement. Pittsburgh Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  8. Gladdish, K., Governing from the Centre: Politics and Policy-Making in the Netherlands. London, 1991Google Scholar
  9. King, P. K. and Wintle, M., The Netherlands. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1988Google Scholar
  10. van Os, Andre, Amsterdam. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1997Google Scholar
  11. National library: De Koninklijke Bibliotheek, Prinz Willem Alexanderhof 5, The Hague.Google Scholar
  12. National statistical office: Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek, Netherlands Central Bureau of Statistics, POB 959, 2270 AZ Voorburg.Google Scholar
  13. Statistics Netherlands Website:
  14. Schoenhals, K., Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1993Google Scholar
  15. Central Bureau of Statistics Website:
  16. Central Bureau of Statistics. Statistical Yearbook of the Netherlands Antilles Google Scholar
  17. Bank of the Netherlands Antilles. Annual Report. Google Scholar
  18. Schoenhals, K., Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa arbara (CA), 1993Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations