Kyrgyz Respublikasy
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


After the establishment of the Soviet regime, Kyrgyzstan became part of Soviet Turkestan, which itself became a Soviet Socialist Republic within the Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic (RSFSR) in April 1921. In 1924, when Central Asia was reorganized territorially on a national basis, Kyrgyzstan was separated from Turkestan. In Dec. 1936 Kyrgyzstan was proclaimed one of the constituent Soviet Socialist Republics of the USSR. With the collapse of the Soviet Empire, the republic asserted its claim to sovereignty in 1990 and declared independence in Sept. 1991. Askar Akaev became president in 1990 and has since expanded presidential powers substantially. Kyrgyzstan became a member of the CIS in Dec. 1991.


Soviet Regime Soviet Socialist Republic Annual Population Growth Rate Total Government Expenditure Deputy Prime Minister 
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Further Reading

  1. Anderson, J., Kyrgyzstan: Central Asia’s Island of Democracy? Routledge, London, 1999Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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