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North Korea

  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

Following the collapse of Japan in 1945 Soviet forces arrived in North Korea, one month ahead of the Americans, and established a Communist-led provisional government. A Democratic People’s Republic was proclaimed on 9 Sept. 1948 and Kim Il-sung became premier, purging all rivals. On 25 June 1950 North Korea invaded the south; its advance was stopped with the aid of UN forces. Chinese Communist ‘volunteers’ joined the war in Oct. 1950. Truce negotiations were begun in 1951 and concluded on 27 July 1953. A demilitarized zone was set up along the final battle line between North and South Korea. On 13 Dec. 1991 the prime ministers of North and South Korea signed a declaration of non-aggression, agreeing not to interfere in each other’s internal affairs. Three agreements were reached between the North and South Korean prime ministers in 1992 on proposals for military, economic, political and social co-operation. Kim Il-sung, head of state, Communist Party and the military since 1948, died on 8 July 1994, and was succeeded by his son, Kim Jong II. On 21 Oct. 1994 an agreement to restrict nuclear power to peaceful purposes in Korea was signed by North Korea and the USA. Since then, negotiations have foundered on evidence of continuing nuclear activity, and in Oct. 2002 North Korea admitted that it had a secret nuclear weapons programme.

Keywords

Ballistic Missile Environmental Sustainability Index Supreme People Nuclear Weapon Programme Soviet Force 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
Chosun Minchu-chui Inmin Konghwa-guk (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea)

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Further Reading

  1. Harrison, S., Korean Endgame: A Strategy for Reunification and US Disengagement. Princeton Univ. Press, 2002Google Scholar
  2. Hunter, H., Kim Il-Song’s North Korea. Praeger Publishers, Westport (CT), 1999Google Scholar
  3. Kleiner, J., Korea: a Century of Change. World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore, 2001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Oh, K. and Hassig, R. C., North Korea Through the Looking Glass. Brookings Institution Press. Washington (D. C), 2000Google Scholar
  5. Sigal, L. V., Disarming Strangers: Nuclear Diplomacy with North Korea. Princeton Univ. Press. 1999CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Smith, H., et al., (eds.) North Korea in the New World Order. London, 1996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. National statistical office: Central Statistics Bureau, Pyongyang.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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