• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


A part of the Roman Empire and the Holy Roman Empire that succeeded it, Italy was divided into several states including a number of city states such as Venice, Florence and Genoa. Much of the territory was under the rule of the Pope while France, Spain and Austria had possessions at various times. From 1815 a strong movement grew throughout the Italian states for risorgimento (unification) and for freedom from Austrian control. Victor Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia-Piedmont from 1849, his prime minister rrom 1852, Count Cavour, and Giuseppe Garibaldi, an Italian soldier, together achieved success for the movement. The first Italian parliament assembled in Feb. 1861, and on 17 March declared Victor Emmanuel King of Italy.


Public Sector Bank International Flight Combat Aircraft Revenue Expenditure Fascist Party 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
Repubblica Italiana


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Further Reading

  1. Istituto Nazionale di Statistica. Annuario Statistico Italiano.—Compendia Statistico Italiano (Annual).—Italian Statistical Abstract (Annual).—Bollettino Mensile di Statistica (Monthly).Google Scholar
  2. Absalom, R., Italy since 1880: a Nation in the Balance? Harlow, 1995Google Scholar
  3. Baldassarri, M. (ed.) The Italian Economy: Heaven or Hell? London, 1993Google Scholar
  4. Bufacchi, Vittorio and Burgess, Simon, Italy since 1989. Macmillan, London, 1999Google Scholar
  5. Burnett, Stanton H. and Mantovani, Luca, The Italian Guillotine: Operation ‘Clean Hands’ and the Overthrow of Italy’s First Republic. Rowman and Littlefïeld, Oxford, 1999Google Scholar
  6. Di Scala, S. M., Italy from Revolution to Republic: 1700 to the Present. Boulder (CO), 1995Google Scholar
  7. Duggan, Christophes, A Concise History of Italy. CUP, 1994Google Scholar
  8. Frei, M., Italy: the Unfinished Revolution. London, 1996Google Scholar
  9. Furlong, P., Modern Italy: Representation and Reform. London, 1994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gilbert, M., Italian Revolution: the Ignominious End of Politics, Italian Style. Boulder (CO). 1995Google Scholar
  11. Ginsborg, Paul, Italy and its Discontents, 1980–2001. Penguin, London, 2002Google Scholar
  12. Gundie, S. and Parker, S. (eds.) The New Italian Republic: from the Fall of the Berlin Wall to Berlusconi. London, 1995Google Scholar
  13. McCarthy, P., The Crisis of the Italian State: from the Origins of the Cold War to the Fall of Berlusconi. London, 1996Google Scholar
  14. OECD, OECD Economic Surveys 1998–99: Italy Paris, 1998Google Scholar
  15. Putnam, R., et al., Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton Univ. Press, 1993Google Scholar
  16. Richards, C., The New Italians. London, 1994Google Scholar
  17. Smith, D. M., Modern Italy: A Political History. Yale Univ. Press, 1997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Sponza, L. and Zancani, D., Italy. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA). 1995Google Scholar
  19. Turner, Barry, (ed.) Italy Profiled. Macmillan, London, 1999Google Scholar
  20. Volcanasek, Mary L., Constitutional Politics in Italy. Macmillan, London, 1999Google Scholar
  21. National statistical office: Istituto Nazionale di Statistica (ISTAT), 16 Via Cesare Balbo, 00184 Rome.Google Scholar
  22. National library: Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Vittorio Emanuele II, Viale Castro Pretorio, Rome.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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