In the 16th century Portuguese traders settled in some of the islands which now comprise Indonesia but were ejected by the British who in turn were ousted by the Dutch in 1595. From 1602 the Netherlands East India Company controlled the area until the dissolution of the Company in 1798. The Netherlands government then ruled the colony from 1816 until 1941 when it was occupied by the Japanese until 1945. On 17 Aug. 1945 nationalist leaders proclaimed an independent republic. On 27 Dec. 1949 the Netherlands conceded unconditional sovereignty.
KeywordsNatural Rubber Democratic Party Proven Reserve Teacher Training College Total Tonnage
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Central Bureau of Statistics. Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia.—Monthly Statistical Bulletin: Economic Indicator.Google Scholar
- Cribb, R., Historical Dictionary of Indonesia. Metuchen (NJ), 1993.Google Scholar
- —and Brown, C., Modern Indonesia: a History since 1945. Harlow, 1995Google Scholar
- Forrester, Geoff, (ed.) Post-Soeharto Indonesia: Renewal or Chaos? St Martin’s Press, New York, 1999Google Scholar
- Forrester, Geoff and May, R. J. (eds.) The Fall of Soeharto. Hurst, London, 1999Google Scholar
- Kingsbury, Damien, The Politics of Indonesia. 2nd ed. OUP, 2002Google Scholar
- Krausse, G. H. and Krausse, S. C. E., Indonesia. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1994Google Scholar
- Ricklefs, M. C., A History of Modern Indonesia since c. 1200. 3rd ed. Palgrave, Basingstoke, 2001Google Scholar
- Schwarz, Adam, A Nation in Waiting: Indonesia’s Search for Stability. Revised ed. Westview Press, Boulder (CO), 1999Google Scholar
- Schwarz, Adam and Paris, Jonathan, (eds.) The Politics of Post-Suharto Indonesia. New York, 1999Google Scholar
- Vatikiotis, M. R. J., Indonesian Politics under Suharto: Order, Development and Pressure for Change. 2nd ed. London, 1994Google Scholar
- National statistical office: Central Bureau of Statistics, POB 1003, Jakarta, 10010.Google Scholar
- Website: http://www.bps.go.id