Lyðveldið Ísland (Republic of Iceland)
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The first settlers came to Iceland in 874. Between 930 and 1262 Iceland was an independent republic, but by the ‘Old Treaty’ of 1262 the country recognized the King of Norway. In 1380 Iceland, together with Norway, came under the Danish kings, but when Norway was separated from Denmark in 1814, Iceland remained with Denmark. The invention of motorized fishing boats in the late nineteenth century revolutionized the fishing industry and gave impetus to the campaign for self determination. After 1 Dec. 1918 Iceland was acknowledged as a sovereign state. It was united with Denmark only through the common sovereign until it was proclaimed an independent republic on 17 June 1944 following a referendum favouring severance from the Danish crown.


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Further Reading

  1. Statistics Iceland, Landshagir (Statistical Yearbook of Iceland).—Hagtíðindi (Monthly Statistics)Google Scholar
  2. Central Bank of Iceland. Economic Statistics Quarterly.—The Economy of Iceland. May 1994Google Scholar
  3. Byock, Jesse, Viking Age Iceland. Penguin, London, 2001Google Scholar
  4. Hastrup, K., A Place Apart: An Anthropological Study of the Icelandic World. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1998Google Scholar
  5. Karlsson, G., The History of Iceland. Univ. of Minnesota Press, 2000Google Scholar
  6. Lacy, T., Ring of Seasons: Iceland—Its culture and history. University of Michigan Press, 1998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. McBride F. R., Iceland. [Bibliography] 2nd ed. ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1996Google Scholar
  8. Smiley, Jane, (ed.) The Sagas of Icelanders: A Selection. Penguin, London, 2002Google Scholar
  9. Turner, Barry, (ed.) Scandinavia Profiled. Macmillan, London, 2000Google Scholar
  10. National statistical office: Statistics Iceland, Bogartúni 21a, IS-150 Reykjavík.Google Scholar
  11. National library: Landsbókasafn Islands.—Háskólabókasafn, Reykjavík, Librarian: Sigrún Klara Hannesdóttir.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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