République Française
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Gaul, the area that is now France, was conquered by Julius Caesar in the 1st century BC and became a part of the Roman Empire. In the 3rd and 4th centuries it was overrun by Germanic tribes and in the 10th century Norsemen invaded. There was a long period of conflict with England, typified by the Hundred Years’ War (1337–1453); and this was followed by rivalry with Spain in the latter part of the 15th and in the 16th century. The Reformation caused a long religious civil war between 1562 and 1598, at the end of which the Huguenot leader Henry of Navarre was converted to Catholicism and reigned as the first Bourbon king, Henry IV. The two powerful ministers of the 17th century, Cardinal Richelieu and Mazarin, successively ensured that France, and not Spain, established itself as the dominant country in Europe. Militarily, this was achieved by the treaties of Westphalia (which ended the Thirty Years’ War in 1648) and of the Pyrenees (1659).


Civil Aviation French Government General Council French Franc Family Allowance 
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Further Reading

  1. Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques: Annuaire statistique de la France (from 1878); Bulletin mensuel de statistique (monthly); Documentation économique (bimonthly); Economie et Statistique (monthly); Tableaux de l’Économie Française (biennially, from 1956); Tendances de la Conjoncture (monthly).Google Scholar
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  21. MacLean, Mairi, The Mitterrand Years: Legacy and Evaluation. Macmillan, London, 1999Google Scholar
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  37. Institut de la Statistique et des Etudes Économiques: Tableaux de l’Économie Calédonienne/New Caledonia: Facts & Figures (TEC 2000) (every 3 years); Informations Statistiques Rapides de Nouvelle-Calédonie (monthly).Google Scholar
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  39. Dommel, D., La Crise Calédonienne: Démission ou Guérison? Paris, 1993Google Scholar
  40. Local statistical office: Institut Territorial de la Statistique et des Études Économiques, BP 823, 98845 Nouméa.Google Scholar
  41. Local statistical office: Institut Statistique de Polynésie Française, Papeete.Google Scholar
  42. Website (French only): http://www.ispf.pfl

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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