Dominican Republic

República Dominicana
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Columbus discovered the island of Santo Domingo, which he called La Isla Española, and which for a time was also known as Hispaniola. The city of Santo Domingo, founded by his brother, Bartholomew, in 1496, is the oldest city in the Americas. The western third of the island—now the Republic of Haiti—was later occupied and colonized by the French, to whom the Spanish colony of Santo Domingo was also ceded in 1795. In 1808 the Dominican population routed the French at the battle of Palo Hincado. Eventually, with the aid of a British naval squadron, the French were forced to return the colony to Spanish rule, from which it declared its independence in 1821. It was invaded and held by the Haitians from 1822 to 1844, when the Dominican Republic was founded and a constitution adopted.


Dominican Republic Tourism Receipt American Stock Exchange Financial Action Task Bicameral Legislature 
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Further Reading

  1. Black, J. K., The Dominican Republic: Politics and Development in an Unsovereign State. London, 1986Google Scholar
  2. Schoenhals, K., Dominican Republic. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1990Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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