The Czech tribe rose to dominance in Bohemia in the 8th century. In 1212 Otakar I received a hereditary kingship from the Holy Roman Emperor. Wenceslas II was elected king of Poland in 1300. Wenceslas was succeeded in 1310 by John of Luxemburg whose son, Charles (1346–78), became Holy Roman Emperor as Charles IV in 1355. Bohemia attained a high degree of prosperity and civilization at this time. In 1527 the diet elected the Hapsburg Ferdinand as king. The Hapsburgs gradually encroached upon Czecn rights ana religious freedom. The Czech nobility were replaced by German-speaking adventurers; the burgesses lost their rights; burdens were piled on to the peasantry; and Catholicism was enforced.
KeywordsCzech Republic Foreign Bank Religious Freedom Administrative Court Deputy Prime Minister
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