Czech Republic

Česká Republika
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Czech tribe rose to dominance in Bohemia in the 8th century. In 1212 Otakar I received a hereditary kingship from the Holy Roman Emperor. Wenceslas II was elected king of Poland in 1300. Wenceslas was succeeded in 1310 by John of Luxemburg whose son, Charles (1346–78), became Holy Roman Emperor as Charles IV in 1355. Bohemia attained a high degree of prosperity and civilization at this time. In 1527 the diet elected the Hapsburg Ferdinand as king. The Hapsburgs gradually encroached upon Czecn rights ana religious freedom. The Czech nobility were replaced by German-speaking adventurers; the burgesses lost their rights; burdens were piled on to the peasantry; and Catholicism was enforced.


Czech Republic Foreign Bank Religious Freedom Administrative Court Deputy Prime Minister 
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Further Reading

  1. Czech Statistical Office. Statistical Yearbook of the Czech Republic.Google Scholar
  2. Havel, V., Disturbing the Peace. London, 1990.—Living in Truth: Twenty-Two Essays. London, 1990.—Summer Meditations. London, 1992Google Scholar
  3. Kalvoda, J., The Genesis of Czechoslovakia. New York, 1986Google Scholar
  4. Krejcí, Jaroslav and Machonin, Pavel, Czechoslovakia 1918–1992: A Laboratory for Social Change. Macmillan, London, 1996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Leff, C. S., National Conflict in Czechoslovakia: The Making and Remaking of a State, 1918–1987. Princeton, 1988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Lunt, Susie, Prague. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1997Google Scholar
  7. Simmons, M., The Reluctant President: a Political Life of Vaclav Havel. London, 1992Google Scholar
  8. Turner, Barry, (ed.) Central Europe Profiled. Macmillan, London, 2000Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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