Following an agreement in Dec. 1989 on a constitution for a unified state, the (northern) Yemen Arab Republic and the (southern) People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen were united as the Republic of Yemen on 22 May 1990. In Aug. 1993 Vice-President Ali Salem Albidh withdrew to Aden demanding reforms as a condition of re-joining President Saleh in Sana’a. Albidh agreed to a modified reform programme but clashes between north and south escalated into full civil war at the beginning of May. Southern officials announced their secession from Yemen on 21 May 1994. Aden was captured by northern forces on 7 June 1994. The former vice-president and government went into exile.
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