Türkiye Cumhuriyeti (Republic of Turkey)
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


In the 13th century the kingdom of Othman I became the dominant power in Asia Minor (now the Asian part of Turkey). In 1453 the Turks captured Constantinople and destroyed the Eastern Roman Empire. Thereafter, the Ottoman Empire expanded to include an area from Morocco to Persia and westwards into the Balkans. From the 17th century, however, the Empire began to decline, its power weakening rapidly in the 19th century.


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Further Reading

  1. State Institute of Statistics. Türkiye İstatistik Yilliği/Statistical Yearbook of Turkey.Diş Ticaret istatistikleri/Foreign Trade Statistics (Annual).—Aylik İstatistik Bülten (Monthly).Google Scholar
  2. Abramowitz, Morton (ed.), Turkey’s Transformation and American Policy. Century Foundation, New York, 2000Google Scholar
  3. Ahmad, F., The Making of Modern Turkey. London, 1993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barkey, Henri J. and Fuller, Graham E., Turkey’s Kurdish Question. Rowman and Littlefield, Lanham (MD), 1999Google Scholar
  5. Goodwin, Jason, Lords of the Horizons: a History of the Ottoman Empire. Henry Holt, New York, USA, 1999Google Scholar
  6. Howe, Marvin, Turkey Today: A Nation Divided over Islam’s Revival Westview, Oxford, 2000Google Scholar
  7. İnalcik, H., Faroqhi, S., McGowan, B., Quataert, D. and Pamuk, Ş., An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire. Cambridge University Press, 1994Google Scholar
  8. Kedourie, S., Turkey: Identity, Democracy, Politics. London, 1996Google Scholar
  9. Mango, Andrew, Ataturk John Murray, London and Overlook, New York, 1999Google Scholar
  10. McDowall, David, A Modern History of the Kurds. I. B. Tauris, London, 1996Google Scholar
  11. Pettifer, J., The Turkish Labyrinth: Atatürk and the new Islam London, 1997Google Scholar
  12. Pope, N. and Pope, H., Turkey Unveiled: Atatürk and After. London, 1997Google Scholar
  13. Zürcher, E. J., Turkey: a Modern History. London and New York, 1993 (NY, 1994)Google Scholar
  14. National statistical office: State Institute of Statistics Prime Ministry, Necatibey Caddesi no. 114, 06100 Ankara.Google Scholar
  15. Website:

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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