Druk-yul (Kingdom of Bhutan)
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


A sovereign kingdom in the Himalayas, Bhutan was governed by a spiritual ruler and a temporal ruler—the Dharma and Deb Raja—from the 17th century. The interior was organized into districts controlled by governors and fort commanders. These officials formed the electoral council appointing the Deb Raja. During the 19th century civil wars were fought between district governors for the office of the Deb Raja. The election became a formality and the governors of Tonesa and Paro were the most frequently chosen because they were the strongest. In 1863 a British attempt to bring stability to Bhutan led to war on the frontier with India.


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Further Reading

  1. Bhutan, Himalayan Kingdom. Bhutan Government, Thimphu, 1979Google Scholar
  2. Aris, M., Bhutan: The Early History of an Himalayan Kingdom. Warminster, 1979.— The Raven Crown: the Origins of Buddhist Monarchy in Bhutan London, 1994Google Scholar
  3. Chakravarti, B., A Cultural History of Bhutan 2nd rev. ed., 2 vols. Chitteranjan, 1981Google Scholar
  4. Collister, P., Bhutan and the British London, 1987Google Scholar
  5. Das, B. N., Mission to Bhutan: a Nation in Transition New Delhi, 1995Google Scholar
  6. Dogra, Ramesh C., Bhutan. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1990Google Scholar
  7. Edmunds, T. O., Bhutan: Land of the Thunder Dragon London, 1988Google Scholar
  8. Hickman, K., Dreams of the Peaceful Dragon: a Journey through Bhutan London, 1987Google Scholar
  9. Hutt, M., Bhutan: Perspectives on Conflict and Dissent London, 1994Google Scholar
  10. Mehra, G. N., Bhutan: Land of the Peaceful Dragon Rev. ed. New Delhi, 1985Google Scholar
  11. Misra, H. N., Bhutan: Problems and Policies New Delhi, 1988Google Scholar
  12. Parmanand, The Politics of Bhutan: Retrospect and Prospect. Delhi, 1992Google Scholar
  13. Rahul, R., Royal Bhutan New Delhi, 1983Google Scholar
  14. Rose, L. E., The Politics of Bhutan Cornell Univ. Press, 1977Google Scholar
  15. Rustomji, N., Bhutan: The Dragon Kingdom in Crisis OUP, 1978Google Scholar
  16. Savada, A.M. (ed.) Nepal and Bhutan: Country Studies. Washington, D.C., 1993Google Scholar
  17. Sinha, A. C., Bhutan: Ethnic Identity and National Dilemma Delhi, 1991Google Scholar
  18. Strydonck, G. va., et al., Bhutan: a Kingdom of the Eastern Himalayas Geneva and London, 1984Google Scholar
  19. Verma, R., India’s Role in the Emergence of Contemporary Bhutan Delhi, 1988Google Scholar
  20. National statistical office: Central Statistical Organization, ThimphuGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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