Hayastani Hanrapetoutiun (Republic of Armenia)
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The early history of Armenia was one of foreign domination with, at various times, the Turkish, Persian and Russian empires claiming control. In the early part of the 20th century the Armenians under Turkish rule suffered brutal persecution. Armenia enjoyed a brief period of independence after the First World War but in 1920 the country was proclaimed a Soviet Socialist Republic. After the collapse of Communism, 99% of voters supported a breakaway from the Soviet Union. A declaration of independence in Sept. 1991 was followed by presidential elections after which President Ter-Petrosyan came to an agreement on economic cooperation with the other Soviet republics and joined the CIS. A new constitution adopted in July 1995 led to National Assembly elections. President Ter-Petrosyan was re-elected in Sept. 1996. OSCE observers noted ’very serious irregularities’ in the conduct of the election.


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Further Reading

  1. Brook, S., Claws of the Crab: Georgia and Armenia in Crisis. London, 1992Google Scholar
  2. Hovannisian, R. G., The Republic of Armenia. 4 vols. Univ. of California Press, 1996Google Scholar
  3. Lang, D.M., Armenia: Cradle of Civilization. London, 1978.Google Scholar
  4. Lang, D.M—The Armenians: a People in Exile. London, 1981Google Scholar
  5. Malkasian, M., Gha-Ra-Bagh: the Emergence of the National Democratic Movement in Armenia. Wayne State Univ. Press, 1996Google Scholar
  6. Nersessian, V. N., Armenia. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1993Google Scholar
  7. Walker, C. J., Armenia: The Survival of a Nation. 2nd ed. London, 1990Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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