Slovenská Republika
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Czechoslovak State came into existence on 28 Oct. 1918 after the dissolution of Austria-Hungary. Two days later the Slovak National Council declared its wish to unite with the Czechs. The Treaty of St Germain-en-Laye (1919) recognized the Czechoslovak Republic, consisting of the Czech lands (Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia) and Slovakia. In March 1939 the German-sponsored Slovak government proclaimed Slovakia independent and Germany incorporated the Czech lands into the Reich as the ‘Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia’. A government-in-exile, headed by Dr Beneš, was set up in London. Liberation by the Soviet Army and US Forces was completed by May 1945. Territories taken by the Germans, Poles and Hungarians were restored to Czechoslovak sovereignty. Elections were held in May 1946 following which a coalition government under a Communist Prime Minister, Klement Gottwald, remained in power until 20 Feb. 1948, when 12 of the non-Communist ministers resigned in protest against infiltration of Communists into the police. In Feb. a predominantly Communist government was formed by Gottwald. In May elections resulted in an 89% majority for the government and President Beneš resigned.


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Further Reading

  1. Kirschbaum, S. J., A History of Slovakia: the Struggle for Survival. London and New York, 1995Google Scholar
  2. Krejcí, Jaroslav, Czechoslovakia at the Crossroads of History. London, 1990Google Scholar
  3. Krejcí, Jaroslav and Machonin, Pavel, Czechoslovakia 1918–1992: A Laboratory for Social Change. Macmillan, London, 1996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Leff, C. S., National Conflict in Czechoslovakia: The Making and Remaking of a State, 1918–1987. Princeton Univ. Press, 1988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Short, D., Czechoslovakia. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1986Google Scholar
  6. Stone, N. and Strouhal, E., (eds.) Czechoslovakia: Crossroads and Crises, 1918–88. London, 1989Google Scholar
  7. Wheaton, B. and Kavan, Z., Velvet Revolution: Czechoslovakia 1988–91. Boulder (CO), 1992Google Scholar
  8. National statistical office: Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic, Miletičova 3, 82467 Bratislava,Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

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  • Barry Turner

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