République du Sénégal
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


While in the mid-1400s the Portuguese were the first Europeans to reach the area around the Senegal river estuary, in succeeding centuries the French became the dominant Europeans on the coast in that area, except for The Gambia, where the British were installed. The French founded Saint-Louis in 1659 and also occupied the island of Goree, an important slave-trading depot. In the 19th century French rule, interrupted earlier by occasional British occupation, was confirmed over Saint-Louis and Goree. Free Africans received the vote in 1833 and the franchise was further extended in 1848 when slavery was abolished in all French colonies. The Africans in Saint-Louis and Goree, and also in Dakar and Rufisque, were called the originaires and had the rights of French citizens. They elected a deputy to the French national Assembly and voted for local communes.


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Further Reading

  1. Centre Français du Commerce Extérieur. Sénégal: un Marché. Paris, 1993Google Scholar
  2. Adams, A. and So, J., A Claim in Senegal, 1720–1994. Paris, 1996Google Scholar
  3. Delgado, C. L. and Jammeh, S., The Political Economy of Senegal under Structural Adjustment. New York, 1991Google Scholar
  4. Dilley, Roy M. and Eades, Jerry S., Senegal. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1994Google Scholar
  5. Gellar, S., Senegal. Boulder (Colo.), 1982.—Senegal: an African Nation between Islam and the West. Aldershot, 1983Google Scholar
  6. Phillips, L. C., Historical Dictionary of Senegal. 2nd ed, revised by A. F. Clark. Metuchen (NJ), 1995Google Scholar
  7. National statistical office: Direction de la Statistique, BP 116, Dakar.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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