• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


A revolution, inspired by the USA, led to the separation of Panama from the United States of Colombia and the declaration of its independence on 3 Nov. 1903. This was followed by an agreement making it possible for the USA to build and operate a canal connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans through the Isthmus of Panama. The treaty granted the USA in perpetuity the use, occupation and control of a Canal Zone, in which the USA would possess full sovereign rights, In return the USA guaranteed the independence of the republic. The Canal was opened on 15 Aug. 1914.

República de Panamá


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. Statistical Information: The Comptroller-General of the Republic (Contraloria General de la República, Calle 35 y Avenida 6, Panama City) publishes an annual report and other statistical publications.Google Scholar
  2. Jorden, W. J., Panama Odyssey. Univ. of Texas Press, 1984Google Scholar
  3. Langstaff, E. DeS., Panama. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1982Google Scholar
  4. Ropp, S. C., Panamanian Politics. New York, 1982Google Scholar
  5. Sahota, G. S., Poverty Theory and Policy: a Study of Panama. Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1990Google Scholar
  6. Other titles are listed under PANAMA CANAL, above. Google Scholar
  7. National library: Biblioteca Nacional, Departamento de Información, Calle 22, Panama.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations