• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The ancestors of present day Oman are believed to have arrived in two waves of migration, the first from the Yemen and the second from northern Arabia. In the 9th century maritime trade flourished and Sohar became the greatest sea port in the Islamic world. In the early 16th century the Portuguese occupied Muscat. The Ya’aruba dynasty introduced a period of renaissance in Omani fortunes both at home and abroad, uniting the country and bringing prosperity; but, on the death in 1718 of Sultan bin Saif II, civil war broke out over the election of his successor. Persian troops occupied Muttrah and Muscat but failed to take Sohar which was defended by Ahmad bin Said who expelled the Persians from Oman after the civil war had ended. In 1744 the Al bu Said family assumed power and has ruled to the present day. Oman remained largely isolated from the rest of the world until 1970 when Said bin Taimur was deposed by his son Qaboos in a bloodless coup.

Saltanat ‘Uman / (Sultanate of Oman)


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Further Reading

  1. Carter, J. R. L., Tribes of Oman. London, 1981Google Scholar
  2. Clements, F. A., Oman: The Reborn Land. London and New York, 1980.—Oman. [Bibliography] 2nd ed. ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1994Google Scholar
  3. Hawley, D., Oman and its Renaissance. London, 1977Google Scholar
  4. Peterson, J. E., Oman in the Twentieth Century. London and New York, 1978Google Scholar
  5. Peyton, W. D., Oman before 1970: The End of an Era. London, 1985Google Scholar
  6. Pridham, B. R., (ed.) Oman: Economic, Social and Strategic Developments. London, 1987Google Scholar
  7. Shannon, M. O., Oman and South-Eastern Arabia: A Bibliographic Survey. Boston, 1978Google Scholar
  8. Skeet, I., Muscat and Oman: The End of an Era. London, 1974.—Oman: Politics and Development. London, 1992Google Scholar
  9. Wilkinson, J. C., The Imamate Tradition of Oman. CUP, 1987Google Scholar
  10. National statistical office: Directorate General of National Statistics, POB 881, Muscat 113.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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