Kongeriket Norge (Kingdom of Norway)
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Norway was under Danish domination from the 14th century. By a Treaty of 14 Jan. 1814, the King of Denmark ceded Norway to the King of Sweden and on 14 Aug. a convention proclaimed the independence of Norway in a personal union with Sweden. This was followed on 4 Nov. by the election of Karl XIII (II) as King of Norway. Norway declared this union dissolved on 7 June 1905 and Sweden agreed to the repeal of the union on 26 Oct. 1905. After a plebiscite, Prince Carl of Denmark was formally elected King on 18 Nov. 1905, taking the name of Haakon VII. He reigned for 52 years, after which he was succeeded bv his son. From 1940 to 1944, during the Second World War, Norway was occupied by the Germans who set up a widely resented pro-German government under Vidkun Quisling. Apart from this wartime episode, the Labour Party held office, and the majority in the Storting (parliament), from 1935 to 1965. From 1965 coalitions or minority governments have held power with Labour remaining the largest single party. The discovery of extensive offshore oil reserves in the 1960s transformed the Norwegian economy, making it one of the world’s richest.


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Further Reading

  1. Central Bureau of Statisties. Statistisk Årbok; Statistical Yearbook of Norway.—Economic survey (annual, from 1935; with English summary from 1952, now published in Økonomiske Analyser, annual).—Historisk Statistikk: Historical Statistics.—Statistisk Månedshefte (with English index) Norges Statskalender. From 1816; annual from 1877Google Scholar
  2. Arntzen, J. G. and Knudsen, B. B., Political Life and Institutions in Norwax. Oslo, 1981Google Scholar
  3. Derry, T. K., A History of Modern Norway, 1814–1972. OUP, 1973.—A History of Scandinavia. London, 1979Google Scholar
  4. Petersson, O., The Government and Politics of the Nordic Countries. Stockholm, 1994Google Scholar
  5. Sather, L. B., Norway. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio. Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1986Google Scholar
  6. Selbyg, A., Norway Today: An Introduction to Modern Norwegian Society. Oslo, 1986Google Scholar
  7. Turner, Barry, (ed.) Scandinavia Profiled. Macmillan, London, 2000Google Scholar
  8. National library: The National Library of Norway, Drammensvein 42b, 0255 Oslo.Google Scholar
  9. National statistical office: Statistics Norway, PB 8131 Dep., N-0033 Oslo.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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