Medinat Israel (State of Israel)
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The area once designated as Palestine, of which Israel forms part, was formerly part of Turkey’s Ottoman Empire. During the First World War the Arabs under Ottoman rule rebelled and Palestine was occupied by British forces. In 1917 the British Government issued the Balfour Declaration, stating that it viewed ‘with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people’. In 1922 the League of Nations recognized ‘the historical connection of the Jewish people with Palestine’ and ‘the grounds for reconstituting their national home in that country’, and Britain assumed a mandate over Palestine, pending the establishment there of such a national home. In Nov. 1947 the UN General Assembly passed a resolution calling for the establishment of a Jewish and an Arab state in Palestine. On 14 May 1948 the British Government terminated its mandate and the Jewish leaders proclaimed the State of Israel. No independent Arab state was established in Palestine. Instead the neighbouring Arab states invaded Israel on 15 May 1948. The Jewish state defended itself successfully, and the ceasefire in Jan. 1949 left Israel with one-third more land than had been originally assigned by the UN.


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Further Reading

  1. Central Bureau of Statistics. Statistical Abstract of Israel. (Annual).—Statistical Bulletin of Israel. (Monthly).Google Scholar
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  16. Senior, Joachim, Tel Aviv: From Dream to City. Reaktion, London, 1999Google Scholar
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  19. Other more specialized titles are entered under CONSTITUTION AND GOVERNMENT, above, and PALESTINIAN-ADMINISTERED TERRITORIES.Google Scholar
  20. National statistical office: Central Bureau of Statistics, Prime Minister’s Office, POB 13015, Jerusalem 91130. Website: Scholar
  21. National library: The Jewish National and University Library, Jerusalem.Google Scholar
  22. Kimmerling, B. and Migdal J. S., Palestinians: the Making of a People. Harvard Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  23. Robinson, G. E., Building a Palestinian State: the Incomplete Revolution. Indiana Univ. Press, 1997Google Scholar
  24. Rubin, B., Revolution until Victory? The Politics and Historv of the PLO. Harvard Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  25. Stendel, O., The Arabs in Israel. Brighton, 1996Google Scholar
  26. Tessler, M., A History of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. Indiana Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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