• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Italy was the colonial ruler from 1890 until 1941 when Eritrea fell to British forces and a British protectorate was set up. This ended in 1952 when the UN sanctioned federation with Ethiopia. In 1962 Ethiopia became a unitary state and Eritrea was incorporated as a province. Eritreans began an armed struggle for independence under the leadership of the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF) which culminated successfully in the capture of Asmara on 24 May 1991. Thereafter the EPLF maintained a de facto independent administration recognized by the Ethiopian government. Sovereignty was proclaimed on 24 May 1993. In 1999 fighting broke out along the border with Ethiopia.


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Further Reading

  1. Connel, D., Against Alt Odds: a Chronicle of the Eritrean Revolution. Trenton (NJ), 1993Google Scholar
  2. Fegley, Randall, Eritrea. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1995Google Scholar
  3. Lewis, R., Eritrea: Africa’s Newest Country. London, 1993Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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