• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Han dynasty (216 BC-220 AD) made Confucianism a state philosophy and instituted the system of civil service recruitment by public competitive examination. Buddhism was introduced from India. The fall of the dynasty was followed by centuries of division and disorder. Unity was restored under the T’angs (618–906), but was lost again until the Sung period (960–1279). Mongol invaders succeeded in imposing a foreign dynasty (Yuan) and were quickly assimilated to the higher cultural and technological level of the Chinese. A peasant rising drove the last Mongol from the throne in 1368 and ushered in the Ming dynasty.

Zhonghua Renmin Gonghe Guo (People’s Republic of China)


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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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