Republika y’Uburundi
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


From 1890 Burundi was part of German East Africa and from 1919 part of Ruanda-Urundi administered by Belgium as a League of Nations mandate. Internal self-government was granted on 1 Jan. 1962, followed by independence on 1 July 1962. In April 1972 fighting broke out between rebels from both Burundi and neighbouring countries and the ruling Tutsi, apparently with the intention of destroying the Tutsi hegemony. Up to 120,000 died. On 1 Nov. 1976 President Micombero was deposed by the Army, as was President Bagaza on 3 Sept. 1987. Pierre Buyoya assumed the presidency on 1 Oct. 1987.


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Further Reading

  1. Daniels, Mom., Burundi [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1992Google Scholar
  2. Lemarchand, R., Burundi: Ethnic Conflict and Genocide CUP, 1996Google Scholar
  3. Weinstein, W., Historical Dictionary of Burundi Metuchen (NJ), 1976Google Scholar
  4. National statistical office: Service des Etudes et Statistiques, Ministère du Plan, Bujumbura.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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