Slovenská Republika
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Czechoslovak State came into existence on 28 Oct. 1918, when the Czech Národni Výbor (National Committee) took over the overnment of the Czech lands upon the dissolution of Austria-Hungary. Two days later the Slovak National Council manifested its desire to unite politically with the Czechs. On 14 Nov. 1918 the first Czechoslovak National Assembly declared the Czechoslovak State to be a republic with T. G. Masaryk as President (1918-35). The Treaty of St Germain-enLaye (1919) recognized the Czechoslovak Republic, consisting of the Czech lands (Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia) and Slovakia. To these lands were added, as a trust, the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia. This territory was broken up for the benefit of Germany, Poland and Hungary by the Munich agreement (29 Sept. 1938) between UK, France, Germany and Italy.


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Further reading

  1. Kirschbaum, S. J., A History of Slovakia: the Struggle for Survival. London and New York, 1995Google Scholar
  2. Krejcí, J., Czechoslovakia at the Crossroads of History. London, 1990Google Scholar
  3. Leff, C. S., National Conflict in Czechoslovakia: The Making and Remaking of a State, 1918–1987. Princeton Univ. Press, 1988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Short, D., Czechoslovakia. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA). 1986Google Scholar
  5. Stone, N. and Strouhal, E., (eds.) Czechoslovakia: Crossroads and Crises. 1918–88. London, 1989Google Scholar
  6. Wheaton, B. and Kavan, Z., Velvet Revolution: Czechoslovakia 1988–91. Boulder (CO), 1992Google Scholar
  7. National statistical office: Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic, Mileticova 3, 82467 Bratislava.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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