• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Incas of Peru were conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century, and subsequent Spanish colonial settlement made Peru the most important of the Spanish viceroyalties in South America. On 28 July 1821 Peru declared its independence, but it was not until after a war which ended in 1824 that the country gained its freedom. The two presidential terms served by Gen. Ramon Castilla (1845-51 and 1855-62) were prosperous ones for Peru, but in a disastrous war with Chile (1879-83) Peru’s capital, Lima, was captured and she lost some of her southern territory to Chile under the peace treaty. Tacna, in the far south of the country, remained in Chilean control from 1880 until 1929.

República del Perú


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Further Reading

  1. Institute Nacional de Estadística e Informática.—Anuario Estadistico del Perú.—Perú: Compendio Estadístico. Annual.—Boletin de Estadística Peruana. QuarterlyGoogle Scholar
  2. Banco Central de Reserva. Monthly Bulletin.—Renta Nacional del Perú. Annual, LimaGoogle Scholar
  3. Cameron, M. A., Democracy and Authoritarianism in Peru: Political Coalitions and Social Change. London, 1995Google Scholar
  4. Daeschner, J., The War of the End of Democracy: Mario Vargas Llosa vs. Alberto Fujimori. Lima, 1993Google Scholar
  5. Figueroa, A., Capitalist Development and the Peasant Economy of Peru. CUP, 1984CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fisher, J., Peru [Bibliography]. Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1989Google Scholar
  7. Stokes, S. C., Cultures in Conflict: Social Movements and the State in Peru. California Univ. Press, 1995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Strong, S., Shining Path. London, 1993Google Scholar
  9. Thorp, R., Economic Management and Economic Development in Peru and Colombia. London, 1991CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Vargas, Llosa A., The Madness of Things Peruvian: Democracy under Siege. Brunswick (NJ), 1994Google Scholar
  11. National statistical office: Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática, Avenida 28 de Julio, 1056 LimaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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