• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Colonization of the Nicaraguan Pacific coast was undertaken by Spaniards from Panama, beginning in 1523. France and Britain, however, and later the USA, have all tried to play a colonial or semi-colonial role in Nicaragua. Between 1740 and 1786 Britain attempted to organize a colony on the Miskito Coast and from 1848 to 1860 the British occupied the port of San Juan de Norte. After links with other Central American territories and with Mexico, Nicaragua became an independent republic in 1838. Its independence was often threatened by US intervention. William Wolber, the filibuster from Tennessee, conquered the country and declared himself President in 1856–57. Between 1910 and 1930 the country was under almost continuous US military occupation.

República de Nicaragua


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Further Reading

  1. Dematteis, L. and Vail, C., Nicaragua: a Decade of Revolution. New York, 1991Google Scholar
  2. Dijkstra, G., Industrialization in Sandinista Nicaragua: Policy and Party in a Mixed Economy. Boulder (CO), 1992Google Scholar
  3. Walker, T. W., Nicaragua: the Land of Sandino. 2nd ed. Boulder (Colo.), 1991Google Scholar
  4. Woodward, R. L., Nicaragua. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1983Google Scholar
  5. National statistical office: Dirección General de Estadística y Censos, ManaguaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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