New Zealand

  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


New Zealand was first called Aotearoa by the Maori who migrated from other northern islands in Polynesia, sometime around the AD 1400. The first European to discover New Zealand was Abel Tasman in 1642. He named the south island after the Dutch province of Zeeland. The coast was explored by Capt. Cook in 1769. From about 1800 onwards, New Zealand became a resort for whalers and traders, chiefly from Australia. New Zealand’s European constitutional history can be traced back to 1840 when the Maori entered into an agreement with the Crown under the Treaty of Waitangi and New Zealand became a British colony with the Maori retaining full rights of self-governance. However, the effective administration of the country was soon taken over by European settlers although there were movements for Maori self-government. These movements declined in the early 1900s but the struggle for self-determination has re-emerged in recent years which have also seen a relative decline in the number of immigrants from England, Scotland and Ireland. New Zealand had its first elected House of Representatives in 1852 along with a nominated legislative Council and a Governor. Sheep farming came to dominate the economy and in 1882 the first refrigerated meat was sent to Britain.


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Further Reading

  1. Statistics New Zealand. New Zealand Official Yearbook.—Key Statistics: a monthly Abstract of Statistics.—New Zealand in Profile: annual publication.Google Scholar
  2. Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. vol. 1 (to 1868). Wellington, 1990Google Scholar
  3. Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. 3 vols. Wellington, 1966Google Scholar
  4. Alley, R., New Zealand and the Pacific. Boulder (CO), 1984Google Scholar
  5. Belich, J., Making peoples: a History of the new Zealanders from Polynesian Settlement to the end of the Nineteenth century. London, 1997Google Scholar
  6. Grover, R. R., New Zealand [Bibliography]. Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1981Google Scholar
  7. Harland, B., On Our Own: New Zealand in a Tripolar World. Victoria Univ. Press, 1992Google Scholar
  8. Harris, P. and Levine, S. (eds.) The New Zealand politics source book. 2nd ed. Palmerston North, 1994Google Scholar
  9. Hawke, G. R., The Making of New Zealand: an Economic History. CUP, 1985Google Scholar
  10. Massey, P., New Zealand: Market Liberalization in a Developed Economy. London, 1995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Oliver, W. H. (ed.), The Oxford History of New Zealand. OUP, 1981Google Scholar
  12. Patterson, B. and K., New Zealand [Bibliography). 2nd ed. Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1998Google Scholar
  13. Sinclair, K., A History of New Zealand. 2nd ed. London, 1980.Google Scholar
  14. —(ed.) The Oxford Illustrated History of New Zealand. 2nd ed. OUP, 1994Google Scholar
  15. For other more specialized titles see under CONSTITUTION AND GOVERNMENT, LOCAL GOVERNMENT and DEFENCE, above.Google Scholar
  16. National statistical office: Statistics New Zealand, POB 2922, Wellington, 1. Website: http://www.stats.govt. nz/statswe b.n sfGoogle Scholar
  17. Local statistical office: Ministry of Finance and Economic Management, P.O. Box 41, Rarotonga, Cook Islands.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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