The Netherlands

  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


As the German Count of Nassau, William of Orange (1533–84) inherited vast possessions in the Netherlands and the Princedom of Orange in France. He was the initiator of the struggle for independence from Spain. The Revolt of the Netherlands began in 1568, and by the Union of Utrecht the more easily defensible seven provinces of the North—Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Overijssel, Groningen, Drenthe and Friesland—declared themselves independent. At the end of the Thirty Years War, by the Treaty of Westphalia (1648), Spain recognized the Republic of the United Netherlands. Members of the Orange-Nassau family became in succession the ‘first servant of the Republic’ with the title of ‘Stadhouder’ (governor). In 1689 Willem III acceded to the throne of England, becoming joint sovereign with his wife Mary. Willem III died in 1702 without issue, and there was no stadhouder until a member of the Frisian branch of Orange-Nassau was nominated hereditary stadhouder in 1747. However, his successor, Willem V, had to take refuge in England in 1795 when the French Army invaded. The country was freed from French domination in Nov. 1813.

Koninkrijk der Nederlanden (Kingdom of the Netherlands)


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek. Statistical Yearbook of the Netherlands. From 1923/24.Google Scholar
  2. Statistisch Jaarboek. From 1899/1924.Google Scholar
  3. Select (Statistical Essays). From 1980.Google Scholar
  4. Statistisch Bulletin. From 1945; weekly.Google Scholar
  5. Maandschrift. From 1944; monthly bulletin.Google Scholar
  6. 90 Jaren Statistiek in Tijdreeksen (historical series of the Netherlands 1899–1989)Google Scholar
  7. Nationale Rekeningen (National Accounts). From 1948–50.—Statistische onderzoekingen. From 1977.—Regionaal Statistisch Zakboek (Regional Pocket Yearbook). From 1972.—Environmental Statistics of the Netherlands, 1987Google Scholar
  8. Staatsalmanak voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden. Annual. The Hague, from 1814 Staatshlad can het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden. The Hague, from 1814Google Scholar
  9. Staatscourant (Slate Gazette). The Hague, from 1813Google Scholar
  10. Anderweg, R. B. and Irwin, G. A., Dutch Government and Politics. London, 1993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cox, R. H., The Development of the Dutch Welfare State: from Workers’ Insurance to Universal Entitlement. Pittsburgh Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  12. Gladdish, K., Governing from the Centre: Politics and Policy-Making in the Netherlands. London, 1991Google Scholar
  13. King, P. K. and Wintle, M., The Netherlands. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1988Google Scholar
  14. National library: De Koninklijke Bibliotheek, Prinz Willem Alexanderhof 5, The Hague. National statistical office: Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek, Netherlands Central Bureau of Statistics, POB 959,2270 AZ Voorburg.Google Scholar
  15. Website: Statistics Netherlands Scholar
  16. Schoenhals, K., Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1993Google Scholar
  17. Central Bureau of Statistics. Statistical Yearbook of the Netherlands Antilles Google Scholar
  18. Bank of the Netherlands Antilles. Annual Report.Google Scholar
  19. Schoenhals, K., Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1993Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations