Mamlaka al-Maghrebia (Kingdom of Morocco)
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The native people of Morocco are the Berbers, an ancient race who have seen their country invaded by a succession of foreign powers. In the 12th century BC the first of these invaders were the Phoenicians who established trading posts at several points along the North African coast. The Carthaginians later took over these Phoenician colonies and expanded them as part of the mighty Carthaginian Empire. When the city of Carthage fell to Rome in the second century BC, the African Mediterranean coast was under Roman dominance for almost six hundred years. When the Roman Empire in turn fell into decline, the area was invaded first by the Vandals in AD 429 and later by Byzantium in AD 533. An Arab invasion of Morocco in AD 682 marked the end of Byzantium dominance and the first Arab rulers, the Idrisid dynasty, ruled for 150 years.


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Further Reading

  1. Direction de la Statistique. Annuaire Statistique du Maroc.—Conjoncture Économique. Quarterly Bulletin Official. Rabat. WeeklyGoogle Scholar
  2. Findlay, A. M., Morocco [Bibliography]. 2nd ed. Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1995Google Scholar
  3. Pazzanita, A. G., The Maghreb. [Bibliography]. Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1998Google Scholar
  4. National library: Bibliothèque Générale et Archives, Rabat.Google Scholar
  5. National statistical office: Direction de la Statistique, BP178, Rabat.Google Scholar
  6. Damis, J., Conflict in Northwest Africa: The Western Sahara Dispute. Stanford, 1983Google Scholar
  7. Hodges, T., Western Sahara: The Roots of a Desert War. London and Westport, 1984Google Scholar
  8. Pazzanita, A. G., Western Sahara [Bibliography]. Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1996Google Scholar
  9. Sipe, L. F., Western Sahara: A Comprehensive Bibliography. New York, 1984Google Scholar
  10. Thompson, V. and Adloff, R., The Western Saharans: Background to Conflict. London, 1980Google Scholar
  11. Zoubir, Y. H. and Volman, D. (eds.) The International Dimensions of the Western Sahara Conflict. New York, 1993Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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